Temporary intervetion at various arenas throughout Mexico
2 posters (á 48 x 84 cm)
The two posters show the existence –or as well the absence– of women in lucha libreʼs history in Mexico. During my research it was very difficult to receive detailed information about the luchadoras (when did women wrestlers live, fight and lose their mask), nor to find photos of their masks. Based on the luchadoras’ photos or descriptions and recollections of their masks I drew some of them in order to make a fragmented and incomplete compilation of women wrestlers’ masks in Mexico.
The first poster shows possible influences on the use of masks in Lucha Libre: A funeral’s mask from Teotihuacán (classic period of Mesoamerica) and the first masks in Lucha Libre: The mask of Ciclón Mc Key, who was the first masked male wrestler in 1933, and the mask of La Dama Enmascarada, who was the first masked female wrester, around 20 years later, in the 1950s.
The second poster shows the incomplete order of Lucha Femenil’s masks and possible influences on the women wrestlers’ roles: (1) Doña Marina, Malinche, Malintzin/Malinalli (a figure of multiple interpretations and representations: the raped one, the prostitute and/or traitor), (2) La Comandanta Ramona (an indigenous Zapatista fighter, who a.o. is responsible for the „Revolutionary Women’s Bills“), (3) Virgen Guadalupe (virgin/mother and therefore guardian) and the four Mexica goddesses, who are part of Guadalupe’s myth: Coyolxauhqui, Coatlicue, Cihuacoatl and Tonantzin.
The poster’s compostion is related to Mexica and Maya Codices made of pictograms and ideograms. The colour of the posters’ prints attempts to get as close as possible to the red ochre, which was made out of earth and used in the codices.
In 2008, throughout Mexico at various arenas, 200 posters were placed on walls alongside other posters advertising lucha libre matches.